Index > Research themes > Social Exclusion

CPRC Research themes

Exclusion from social, political and economic institutions and relations reduces a person’s prospects for escaping poverty and their ability to assert their rights. The Adverse Incorporation and Social Exclusion (AI/SE) theme explored the significance and implications of these relations for policy on chronic poverty. 


CPRC research on AI/SE has focused on labour market restructuring, and shifts from ‘clientelism’ to citizenship. It has looked at the relationship between risk and vulnerability, patronage politics, and chronic poverty; and the way in which inequalities within global economic value chains maintain poverty.

AI/SE work has included research in South Africa which shows that people’s prospects are determined by the ways in which their lives are involved in networks of social and economic power. Research has also particularly looked at the long-term poverty informally employed workers face - especially in South Africa and among Indian migrant casual workers -and labour conditions that are akin to slavery.

Research has investigated social protection schemes in the Politics of What Works - which focused on the politics behind an innovative approach to development programming. Important work on the Government of chronic poverty, also published in a special edition of the Journal of Development Studies, investigated the extent to which political efforts to tackle chronic poverty might transform the citizenship rights and status of the poorest people.


AI/SE and chronic poverty

Informal labour and global value chains
(view full series of Vulnerable workers in global production networks)

Government of chronic poverty
(view full series of the Government of chronic poverty)

View more resources on AI/SE and on labour




Theme leader

Sam Hickey 
Institute for Development Policy and Management
Tel: +44(0)161 275 2800
Fax: +44 (0)161 273 8828