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Child poverty and household poverty in Cameroon

a multidimensional approach

Pierre Nguetse Tegoum
Kodzo Dodzi Hevi


This study investigates child multidimensional poverty in Cameroon. It finds out its determinants and its relationship with household multidimensional poverty. The children that are consider here are those aged of less than five years. The study uses the data of the Third Multiple Indicators Clusters Survey.Five dimensions have been taken into consideration in the child multidimensional poverty: nutrition, potable water, health, education and the lodging. For households, the following dimensions are combined: accessibility to potable water, hygiene, patrimony, lodging and the level of education of the head of the household. Multiple Components Analysis and hierarchical classification methods are applied to appreciate both child and household poverty.The results show that 73% of children aged of less than five years live under the child multidimensional poverty line with 25% being affected by extreme poverty. In the other hand, 61% of Cameroonian households are poor. Multidimensional poverty significantly varies with the household size, the milieu of residence, the level of education of the household head. The results also revealed that the key determinants of child multidimensional poverty are the household poverty status, the level of education and the age of the child’s mother/care taker and the presence of the mother in the household. In conclusion, the study is recommending the implementation of specific policies in favour of children and young girls also, the implementation of a family code.

Publication Type(s)

Conference Paper

Ten Years of War Against Poverty Conference Papers

Conference: Ten Years of War Against Poverty


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