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Taxonomy of multidimensional poverty in Chile

an analysis of some 'missing dimensions' of poverty analysis

José Manuel Roche


This paper assesses the value added of the survey modules to measure the ‘missing dimensions’ proposed by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI). OPHI has identified five dimensions of poverty that appear to matter to the experiences of poor people but which are not currently collected in large-scale international survey instruments: employment quality, empowerment, physical safety, the ability to go about without shame and psychological & subjective wellbeing. Brief survey modules have been designed to obtain internationally comparable data on each of these dimensions and they have been recently fielded as part of integrated surveys collecting standard poverty indicators in Chile with a representative national sample. This paper presents a series of multiple correspondence analyses which allow us to identify typologies of poverty profiles. What the analysis shows is that poverty manifests itself in different ways in a multidimensional setting and that poverty measurement ought to capture these different “types” of multidimensional poverty. The paper closes with a cluster analysis in order to present a taxonomy of the different types of multidimensional poverty. The paper not only assesses the relevance of the missing dimensions of poverty data, but it also contributes by identifying the distance between ordinal categories which can be enlightening when defining the poverty cut-off threshold in multidimensional poverty measurement.


Publication Type(s)

Conference Paper

Ten Years of War Against Poverty Conference Papers

Conference: Ten Years of War Against Poverty


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