A defining characteristic of chronically poor people is that they remain in poverty over a long period. This can mean that poverty is transmitted from one generation to another, with poor parents having poor children, who are more likely to become poor adults themselves. This intergenerational transmission of poverty can be the long term effects of poor nutrition, inadequate education and health care, few assets or a lack of opportunities. Policies and programmes can help to break this cycle.
Research on the IGT of poverty has explained how IGT poverty differs from persistent and chronic poverty, and how assets and inheritance influence resilience and the creation and interruption of intergenerational poverty. Our research has made important contributions that focus on strengthening women’s agency and well-being, and their ability to invest in their children.
Important work on Asset inheritance and the intergenerational transmission of poverty was presented in an event in London and published in a series of working papers. The study brought together findings that women’s access to inheritance and assets helps build resilience and prevent impoverishment, and importantly highlighted the role of local leaders in getting policy change.
The CPRC’s research into the IGT of poverty has also looked at conflict, education and resilience in Northern Uganda. This helped to put long-term and intergenerational poverty dynamics on the agenda of agencies working in conflict situations, and finds that education is a portable asset that is useful in conflict and post conflict situations and helps people to recover from conflict more rapidly than they would without education.
IGT research has also studied the link between mother’s human capital and their children’s long term outcome; HIV/AIDS and the IGT of poverty; social policy in the OECD to interrupt the IGT of poverty; and qualitative and quantitative methods for understanding the IGT of poverty in low income developing countries.
Overview of IGT
- Stopping the intergenerational transmission of poverty: Research highlights and policy recommendations
CPRC Working paper 214
- The intergenerational transmission of poverty: an overview
CPRC Working paper 99
- Using household panel data to understand the intergenerational transmission of poverty
CPRC Working paper 74
- Land inheritance: a gendered analysis of factors influencing the intergenerational transmission of poverty
CPRC Working paper 181
- Investments, bequeaths, and public policy: inter-generational asset transfers and the escape from poverty
CPRC Working paper 98
Focus on women, children and inheritance
- Mothers’ human capital and the intergenerational transmission of poverty
CPRC Working paper 160
- Women and inheritance in five Sub-Saharan African countries: Opportunities and challenges for policy and practice change
CPRC Working paper 182 and CPRC Policy brief 19
- Widowhood and asset inheritance in sub-Saharan Africa: empirical evidence from 15 countries
CPRC Working paper 183
- Women, marriage and asset inheritance in Uganda
CPRC Working Paper 184
- Ascending out of poverty: An analysis of family histories in Kenya
CPRC Working paper 209
- Poverty and growth in remote villages in Tanzania (2004-2008)
CPRC Working paper 153
- Intergenerational transfers and the intergenerational transmission of poverty in Bangladesh: preliminary results from a longitudinal study of rural households.
CPRC Working paper 117
- Conflict, education and the intergenerational transmission of poverty in Northern Uganda
View more resources on IGT, assets, and inheritance